Works Cited Style
Version Date: November 22, 2010
article covers the MLA bibliographic style for the sources you cite in
paper. The information here is based on the seventh edition of the
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research
goal of the entire in-text citation and Works Cited apparatus is to
your reader with an easy, clear way to locate the sources you have
when writing your paper. The in-text citation serves as a key to the
Works Cited at the end of the paper. It is therefore crucial that each
matches the appropriate reference work. The references are alphabetized
matching the citation to the work quick and easy.
Works Cited page has the following features:
all the sources
cited in the paper. It should not include
any works not cited in the paper because it is not a list of works
a general bibliography (unless your instructor requires otherwise).
use a hanging indent, with
all lines after the first line being indented one half of an inch from
are alphabetized by the
author’s last name, or if a corporate author or no author, by the first
significant word in the title. That is, do not alphabetize by An or The.
references feature these characteristics:
elements are separated by
commas, colons, and periods, as shown by the examples below.
book title is in italics.
major words in the title are
place of publication is the
city, not the state. (Sometimes this is confusing because so many books
published in New
which is both a city and a state.)
authoritative title of a book is
the title page, not the cover or dust jacket. Occasionally there will
a work by multiple authors, only
the first author’s name is presented last name first. Multiple authors
separated by commas, and the last two are connected with and
the placement and style of the
edition number and of eds. or Ed. for editors (Example 4).
4 shows how to list a work
originally translated and published, then edited and republished
name, First name. Book Title: Subtitle.
Edition. City of Publication:
Publisher, Date. Medium.
the Media: A Guide to Print and Broadcast Journalism. 11th
Press, 2003. Print.
John, and Mary Doe. Quality Control in
Aircraft Manufacture. Seattle:
Aeroaviation Press, 2007. Print.
John, Jane Doe, and James Smith, eds. Musicotherapeutics:
Essays on Genre. London:
Trans. Edward Meredith Cope. 1877. Ed. John Doe. New York:
Philosopher’s Attic Press, 2010.
references follow this format:
the punctuation style shown
in the examples—using periods, commas, colons, and parentheses as
article title is in quotation
marks. Be sure to put the period inside the closing quotation mark.
periodical title is in italics.
of publication is in
page numbers give the beginning
and ending pages, with no p. or pp.
major words are capitalized in
both the article title and periodical title.
in Example 6 the arrangement of
elements when an article is taken from an anthology.
name, First name. “Article Title.” Periodical
Title Volume (Year): Start
page-end page. Medium.
John. “Filtration Breakdowns and the Cigarette
Butt Problem.” Water Treatment Monthly
46 (2008): 221-227. Print.
Jane. “Recycling and You: From Cliché to Lifestyle.”
Essays on Culture Shift. Ed. Joseph
Greentronics Press, 2008. 344-357. Print.
Typical Web page.
articles are cited in a way similar to print articles. Note the
as much of the information shown
in Example 7 as is available from the site.
a period between elements except
between the sponsoring organization and the date, where a comma is used.
Use n.d. for “no date” as shown in
your instructor requires it or if
there would otherwise be difficulty in locating the information on the
include the URL in angle brackets at the very end of the citation. See
name, First name. “Article Title.” Web Site.
Sponsoring Organization, Date
of article. Web. Date you accessed article.
Jane. “Milton’s Use
of the Colon.”
Literary Punctuation Online.
for the Study of Punctuation, 17 Dec. 2008. Web. 5 March 2009.
John. “Infotainment: The Hybridization of
Discourse Modes.” The Commentary Cloud,
n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2011.
John. “Semantics: A New Definition.” Linguistica
Research Society for Linguistic Progress, 2009. Web. 13 July 2008.
Many Web pages do not contain all of the information described above.
cases, include whatever information is available on the page. You may
to locate the name of the Web site or the sponsoring organization by
to the root URL.
databases are cited with the same format as Web articles, with the
the name of the source database.
name, First name. “Article Title.” Periodical
Title Volume (Year): Pages. Database.
Web. Date you accessed
John. “Aristotle on Friendship.” Amicus
32 (1999): 324-31. JSTOR. Web. 4
MLA In-Text Citation Style
APA In-Text Citation Style
APA Reference Style
2010 by Robert Harris | How
to cite this page
w w . v i r t u a l s a l t . c o m
About the author:
Harris is a writer
and educator with more than 25 years of teaching experience at the
and university level. RHarris at virtualsalt.com